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TRANSFER RNA, MITOCHONDRIAL, ALANINE; MTTA

TRANSFER RNA, MITOCHONDRIAL, ALANINE; MTTA

Alternative titles; symbolstRNA-ALA, MITOCHONDRIALHGNC Approved Gene Symbol: MT-TA▼ TEXTThe mitochondrial tRNA for alanine is encoded by nucleotides 5587-5655.▼ ...

Alternative titles; symbols

  • tRNA-ALA, MITOCHONDRIAL

HGNC Approved Gene Symbol: MT-TA

▼ TEXT

The mitochondrial tRNA for alanine is encoded by nucleotides 5587-5655.

▼ ALLELIC VARIANTS ( 2 Selected Examples):

.0001 MYOTONIC DYSTROPHY-LIKE MYOPATHY
MTTA, 5650G-A

In a 38-year-old patient with a novel type of mitochondrial myopathy, Horvath et al. (2003) identified a heteroplasmic mutation, 5650G-A, in the MTTA gene. The clinical presentation and the muscle histology suggested a dystrophic muscle disease. Myotonic discharges were repeatedly observed on EMG, suggesting the diagnosis of myotonic dystrophy. Several cytochrome c oxidase-negative ragged-red fibers together with clinically observed exercise intolerance and lactic acidosis pointed to a mitochondrial origin. Single-fiber PCR showed a significantly higher rate of mutant mtDNA in ragged-red fibers. The patient's mother died at the age of 36 years from a stroke of unknown etiology. The patient developed normally until the age of 14 years, when he first noticed weakness during regular exercise at school and difficulty in climbing stairs. Proximal muscle weakness and atrophy of the lower limbs progressed slowly. At the age of 32 years he first noticed proximal weakness of the upper limbs. A pectoral lipoma was removed twice.

.0002 MITOCHONDRIAL MYOPATHY
MTTA, 5591G-A

In a 47-year-old man with a mitochondrial myopathy, Swalwell et al. (2006) identified a heteroplasmic 5591G-A transition in the MTTA gene. The phenotype was characterized by proximal muscle weakness, myalgia, and increased serum creatine kinase. Muscle biopsy showed ragged red fibers and cytochrome c oxidase deficiency, and PCR analysis of muscle tissue detected 98% mutant mtDNA.

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